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Friction damages

A leather repair is a service that allows the removal of damage and scratches to the leather by means of leather dyeing. Leather surfaces are of high quality and long-lasting, but over time they can show signs of wear and tear: cracks, holes, worn areas and tears. SMART repair technology has been developed to remedy these defects. This technology, thanks to the use of modern and very high quality surface repair materials, allows to achieve a result where the repaired area is not noticeable. Leather repair can significantly increase the value of your car!

Some leather parts are subject to constant mechanical wear and tear, causing abrasion damage. Friction wears away the protective Top Coat layer on the surface of the leather over time, and the delicate layer of leather underneath is quickly damaged. Unprotected leather is quickly broken.

If the abrasions are not particularly deep, they can be recoated. The rubbed area is carefully cleaned of dirt, then sanded, excess grease is removed and the area is coated with Liquid Leather additive and several coats of colour. Finally, a protective cream is applied.

Attention! The repair of the leather and its subsequent duration depends on a number of factors – how carefully the repaired item is handled. If the item is severely damaged, we recommend replacing it.


Scratches are the most common damage to the leather.

Scratches usually occur as follows:

  • Denim trouser zips, pins or other clothing details.
  • Clawings of pets.
  • Keys and bags left on the seat, etc.

All scratches can be repaired, except in cases where the leather is old and has punctures and cuts through it, but sometimes such leather can be repaired. The more elastic the leather, the less chance of damage and the easier it is to restore the original appearance.

Attention! Properly cared for skin has a better chance of recovery. Clean and well-groomed skin is easier to repair than withered and oily skin.

Tyre marks

Tyre marks appear quickly on the leather – it is enough to leave the tyres in contact with the leather for just a few hours. Seat covers do not provide the desired protection either.

Because the substances contained in tyre compounds penetrate deep into the leather’s structures, no cleaning product can usually remove them. Often even dyeing the leather does not help. The fats and oils in tyres penetrate so deeply into the leather that they reappear after a few days once the leather has been dyed.
There are two solutions to removing tyre marks:

  1. Replace the soiled piece of leather.
  2. Try to restore the leather by stripping off layers of paint.

When the layers of paint are removed, the leather is cleansed with an anti-oily product and then repainted. Unfortunately, the final result cannot be guaranteed, and the cost of the restoration may be as high as the cost of replacing a piece of leather.

Attention! Never place tyres in the passenger compartment that are not covered by a protective sheet. The rubber in the tyre compound can quickly deteriorate the leather surfaces in the cabin of your car.

Traces of bruising

Holes and bruising marks are caused by improper use and storage of leather goods.

For example, leaving a heavy object, such as a set of tyres or a child’s safety chair, on a leather car seat for a long period of time will leave bruising marks resembling the shape of the object. The leather will take on the shape and will not regain its original shape.

Removing wrinkles, folds and bruises is relatively simple, but requires some knowledge. The surface of the skin is also important. If the skin is too dry and has damaged areas, it will not be possible to restore the original shape and leather repair will not help.

Important to know! Do not place heavy objects on the leather seat as they may cause a bruise mark.


Water spots are a fairly common problem in soft sensitive leather, especially for pale leather.

Aniline leather has open pores and absorbs moisture, which causes darkening of the leather surface. These blemishes cannot be removed on their own. It is therefore quite important to ensure that the leather is protected in time.

When over-tanning soft leather, it is quite difficult to achieve the original colour tone, but it is almost impossible to lighten the leather. This is due to the characteristic of soft leather to darken when exposed to moisture and fatty substances.

Important to know! If clean leather is treated with a moisture repellent and the treated surface comes into contact with a liquid, this liquid can be wiped off the leather with a quick movement if the leather is allowed to get wet and thus prevent staining.


Leather ageing is caused by incorrect care methods or by not taking care of your leather.

If the leather is not moisturised and treated with protective products, cracks and fissures will appear on the surface over time and the leather may break. The layer of paint will change colour and, when touched with the hand, the surface will resemble sandpaper.

Fortunately, it is often possible to restore the original appearance of leather that is several centuries old. The old and cracked paint is removed and access to the inner layers is opened up. The leather is then cleaned and treated. Cracks and small scratches are carefully filled. Once the leather is repaired, the surface is covered with a special primer and leather dye to achieve a uniform appearance, and a protective varnish is applied to the painted surface.

Important to know! Unfortunately, leather repair is not always possible. Leather is considered “dead” if it breaks when it is folded. Such leather cannot be restored.


Holes and tears are the most difficult injuries. You can try to repair minor holes and superficial burns.

When repairing holes through the leather, a soft cloth is glued to the inner surface to prevent the formation of bumps and wrinkles at the repaired area. A piece of leather is then placed over the hole and filled with liquid leather. The repaired area is then sanded and stained.

As heating causes the leather to shrink and harden, the scorched areas need a different approach. If the shrinkage is not severe, the charred areas are cleaned up to the inner layer of the leather, then filled with liquid leather and stained. In the case of severe shrinkage, the damaged piece of leather must be removed and replaced.

If there is a large hole in the surface of the leather, or if it is severely curled, we recommend replacing the entire upholstery element, as it is impractical and costly to repair.

Blemished skin

Leather blemishing is a long-term process in which the colour of the skin gradually fades. The stronger the sun’s rays, the faster the colour fades. The sun also tends to dry out the leather and reduce its elasticity, which can lead to cracking and breaking.

Bleached leather tends to occur in cabriolet interior, and is particularly noticeable in the more sun-active southern regions. Sometimes the changes are indicated by the different shades of car seats and other leather parts.

In passenger cars, leather with a particularly resistant colour and UV-reducing coating is used, but this only reduces the effect of the sun’s rays and slows down the fading process slightly. Some older cars have aniline parts that are particularly susceptible to fading and require special care.

Repairing faded leather is possible by means of dyeing, which restores the original fresh appearance of the leather.

Important! To reduce the fading of your leather in the sun, use leather conditioners that contain UV protection! Colourlock Leather Protector is perfect for this.

Removal of mould

Some leather develops a pale layer and an unpleasant smell if it is not cared for – most commonly mould.

If mould has developed on the leather or other surfaces of the vehicle, proceed as follows:

First, check the suitability of the cleaner on a surface that is hidden from view. Clean the damaged area with our Leather Strong Cleaner. All other surfaces of the item, such as frames and feet, should also be cleaned. The entire cabin (floor, seat covers, mats, etc.) should be thoroughly cleaned with a suitable agent.

Then apply Fixativ to all surfaces. Fixativ neutralises odours but is safe for the leather. Fixativ is an effective remedy against mould, removing mould spores and making it difficult for new mould to form.

The previously described processing method is often sufficient. Sometimes, however, it can happen that the smell of mold remains. In this case, the surfaces must be treated with Leather Smell Killer, which removes unpleasant odors. This product is much more effective than other commercially available deodorizers and does not leave any unpleasant odor. If the mold has already reached the base upholstery of the leather item, only replacing the item or the upholstery will help. The deodorizer does not penetrate so deeply, and when the item is loaded, the upholstery releases mold particles.

After treatment, the leather should be oiled with our fully synthetic leather oil Elephant Leather Preserver. Unlike fats of vegetable and animal origin, our sebum does not form a growth surface for new mold spores. Leather care products containing vegetable or animal fats are often more affordable, but unfortunately also a breeding ground for mold and bacteria. For this reason, such care products should be avoided.

Important to know! During the further storage of leather goods, it must be ensured that the storage environment is unfavorable for the formation of mold. Therefore, leather clothes, shoes and bags should never be stored in a plastic bag. Moisture must be avoided whenever possible, and adequate ventilation must also be ensured.


Detailing is a complex of car cosmetic services, which includes washing, dry cleaning of the cabin, polishing of the body, coating of the body with protective compounds and much more.

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We advise you to read the frequently asked questions and perhaps you will find the answer for your question. Or send us your question by filling out the form below.

We use colors specially designed for coloring leather. Durability largely depends on further care, the leather should be cleaned with the right gentle leather care products. This ensures longer-term stability.

Often, the owner's manual of the vehicle will tell you what type of leather is used in your car. We can also evaluate the materials used in the car in our service.

In most cases, it is possible to either completely eliminate all damages or make them less noticeable. Damages that are more difficult to repair are penetrating cuts and tears, we can replace such damaged parts with new artificial or natural leather.

Since a lot of grease and sweat seeps into the leather of the steering wheel over time, it is very difficult to remove it, and the painted steering wheel must be used carefully in the future. The surest way is to cover the steering wheel with new leather!

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Aadress: Harju maakond, Rae vald, Peetri
alevik, Tähnase tee 1, 75312
Email: info@smartservice.ee

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